The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA). The GDPR applies to both companies and individuals, as well as any organizations that process personal data.
Applying to Companies
The GDPR applies to companies operating within the EU and EEA, as well as companies outside the EU that offer goods or services to individuals within the EU. This means that if a company has customers or clients in the EU, it must comply with the GDPR, regardless of where the company is located.
Organizations are required to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) if they carry out large-scale processing of special categories of data, such as health data, or if they carry out large-scale monitoring of individuals, such as through online tracking.
Applying to Individuals
The GDPR also applies to individuals, as it gives individuals more control over their personal data and how it is used. Individuals have the right to know what personal data an organization holds about them, and they have the right to request that their data be corrected, deleted, or transferred to another organization.
Individuals also have the right to object to the processing of their personal data for certain purposes, such as direct marketing. Organizations must obtain informed consent from individuals before collecting and processing their personal data, and they must take steps to protect the security and privacy of the data.
The GDPR applies to both companies and individuals, as well as any organizations that process personal data. Companies operating within the EU and EEA, as well as companies outside the EU that offer goods or services to individuals within the European Union.